Epidemiology of dengue reported in the World Health Organization Western Pacific Region, 2013–2019

Authors

  • Eri Togami Health Emergencies Programme, World Health Organization Regional Office for the Western Pacific, Manila, the Philippines https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1599-5608
  • May Chiew World Health Organization Representative Office for Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Vientiane, Lao People’s Democratic Republic
  • Christopher Lowbridge Health Emergencies Programme, World Health Organization Regional Office for the Western Pacific, Manila, the Philippines https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8307-9583
  • Viema Biaukula Health Emergencies Programme, World Health Organization Regional Office for the Western Pacific, Manila, the Philippines
  • Leila Bell Health Emergencies Programme, World Health Organization Regional Office for the Western Pacific, Manila, the Philippines
  • Aya Yajima Division of Programmes for Disease Control, World Health Organization Regional Office for the Western Pacific, Manila, the Philippines
  • Anthony Eshofonie Health Emergencies Programme, World Health Organization Regional Office for the Western Pacific, Manila, the Philippines
  • Dina Saulo Health Emergencies Programme, World Health Organization Regional Office for the Western Pacific, Manila, the Philippines
  • Hien Thi Hong Do World Health Organization Representative Office for Viet Nam, Hanoi, Viet Nam
  • Satoko Otsu World Health Organization Representative Office for Viet Nam, Hanoi, Viet Nam
  • Dai Tran Cong World Health Organization Representative Office for Viet Nam, Hanoi, Viet Nam
  • Mya Sapal Ngon World Health Organization Representative Office for Viet Nam, Hanoi, Viet Nam
  • Chin-Kei Lee World Health Organization Representative Office for China, Beijing, China
  • Reiko Tsuyuoka World Health Organization Representative Office for Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Vientiane, Lao People’s Democratic Republic
  • Luciano Tuseo World Health Organization Representative Office for Cambodia, Phnom Penh, Cambodia
  • Asheena Khalakdina World Health Organization Representative Office for Cambodia, Phnom Penh, Cambodia
  • Vannda Kab World Health Organization Representative Office for Cambodia, Phnom Penh, Cambodia
  • Rabindra Romauld Abeyasinghe World Health Organization Representative Office for the Philippines, Manila, the Philippines
  • Rajendra Prasad Yadav World Health Organization Representative Office for the Philippines, Manila, the Philippines https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0398-1313
  • Princess Esguerra World Health Organization Representative Office for the Philippines, Manila, the Philippines
  • Sean Casey World Health Organization Division of Pacific Technical Support, Suva, Fiji https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2934-3643
  • Chun Paul Soo World Health Organization Representative Office for Malaysia, Cyberjaya, Malaysia
  • Munehisa Fukusumi Health Emergencies Programme, World Health Organization Regional Office for the Western Pacific, Manila, the Philippines
  • Tamano Matsui Health Emergencies Programme, World Health Organization Regional Office for the Western Pacific, Manila, the Philippines
  • Babatunde Olowokure Health Emergencies Programme, World Health Organization Regional Office for the Western Pacific, Manila, the Philippines

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5365/wpsar.2023.14.1.973

Keywords:

dengue, epidemiology, vector-borne disease, arbovirus, public health surveillance

Abstract

The global burden of dengue, an emerging and re-emerging mosquito-borne disease, increased during the 20-year period ending in 2019, with approximately 70% of cases estimated to have been in Asia. This report describes the epidemiology of dengue in the World Health Organization’s Western Pacific Region during 2013–2019 using regional surveillance data reported from indicator-based surveillance systems from countries and areas in the Region, supplemented by publicly available dengue outbreak situation reports. The total reported annual number of dengue cases in the Region increased from 430 023 in 2013 to 1 050 285 in 2019, surpassing 1 million cases for the first time in 2019. The reported case-fatality ratio ranged from 0.19% (724/376 972 in 2014 and 2030/1 050 285 in 2019) to 0.30% (1380/458 843 in 2016). The introduction or reintroduction of serotypes to specific areas caused several outbreaks and rare occurrences of local transmission in places where dengue was not previously reported. This report reinforces the increased importance of dengue surveillance systems in monitoring dengue across the Region.

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Published

22-03-2023

How to Cite

1.
Togami E, Chiew M, Lowbridge C, Biaukula V, Bell L, Yajima A, Eshofonie A, Saulo D, Do HTH, Otsu S, Tran Cong D, Ngon MS, Lee C-K, Tsuyuoka R, Tuseo L, Khalakdina A, Kab V, Abeyasinghe RR, Yadav RP, Esguerra P, Casey S, Soo CP, Fukusumi M, Matsui T, Olowokure B. Epidemiology of dengue reported in the World Health Organization Western Pacific Region, 2013–2019. Western Pac Surveill Response J [Internet]. 2023 Mar. 22 [cited 2024 Apr. 20];14(1):16. Available from: https://ojs.wpro.who.int/ojs/index.php/wpsar/article/view/973

Issue

Section

Regional Analysis

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